Academic article on digitalization in the production process: Key concepts and measurement (D2.3)
Information and communication technologies (ICT) are often viewed as a general purpose technologies (GPT) that function as a driver of output growth in all industries through digitalization of the production process and the introduction of new products and services. ICT can thus both make direct and indirect contributions to productivity.
This study examines the contribution of ICT to productivity in all industries based on an integrated dataset at industry/ country level, covering 15 European countries for the period 2000–2014. Using data on intangible investments from the INTAN-Invest database and bilateral trade data taken from the World Input-Output Database (WIOD), the study examines links between sectors in different countries and develops a proxy for the intensity of potential externalities.